Have you ever stumbled upon the pictures of Jaipur Palaces / Forts on your various social media accounts? Do you crave to have an insight into the lifestyle of those rulers of the bygone era?
If the answer is yes, I am sure you wish someday you could visit these beautiful India tour sites. Jaipur city is very popular not only among the young generation but also among the more experienced travelers. These palaces and forts are among the UNESCO world heritage sites because of their grandeur, royal history, and beautiful landscapes.
‘Jaipur palaces‘ are one of the main attractions of the state of Rajasthan, in India, and today we are going to explore the history and architecture of these forts and palaces. Today we will tell you the top 10 things to do in Jaipur including the best palaces.
The Forts of Rajasthan have spread across all the states and were built by several Rajput kings of different kingdoms. No India tour is complete without visiting these heritage sites of Rajasthan.
Most of these forts have defensive fortification and the water harvesting mechanism which is still in use today.
About Jaipur city in Rajasthan
Before we start putting the list of all the magnificent places of Jaipur, let’s start with a bit about Jaipur first.
Jaipur is a beautiful city in the state of Rajasthan in India which is primarily famous for its forts/ palaces and the colorful vibrant markets. Any north India tour is incomplete without a tour to Jaipur.
Interestingly Jaipur is also called Pink City as was once referred to by Lord Albert during Queen Victoria’s visit to Jaipur. If you happen to see the city from the top of any hill or a fort, you will find that it’s all painted Pink.
In 1876, when the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur along with Queen Victoria, the Maharaja Ram Singh (King of Jaipur) painted all the houses of the city in Pink color. Pink is considered a sign of welcome and it was the reason why the Maharaja did this to show hospitality.
Jaipur is one of the first planned cities of Modern India. Maharaja ‘Jai’ Singh built this city in 1727. It was also named after him. His earlier capital was Amer (or Amber) which was 11 km from Jaipur. He read several books on architecture and took great interest in designing this city.
In July 2019, Jaipur has been designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO and the city itself includes 2 more UNESCO world heritage sites: Amer Fort and Jantar Mantar.
Jaipur is a part of the Golden triangle circuit which includes three main cities: Delhi, Agra & Jaipur. The tours which include these 3 destinations are also popularly known as Golden Triangle Tours.
Top 10 things to do- including the famous Jaipur palaces
Here is the list of the top 10 things you need to do/ visit during your stay in Jaipur. The below list includes all the popular Jaipur palaces and also other famous sites.
Some travellers like to explore all the forts in Jaipur. Some travellers prefer to leave a few, to not rush and enjoy their limited time of vacation peacefully. Whatever you chose, you will cherish the memories made in Jaipur for a lifetime.
1. Amer fort (also knownas Amber Fort)
Fort was built in 1592 by Raja Mansingh. It is made up of red sandstone and marble stone and is an example of incredible Hindu-Muslim Architecture in India.
You can opt to reach the fort entrance, which is upon the mountain, by taking an elephant ride which is really amazing. And there are restaurants where you can also eat some mouth-watering cuisines.
There is also a light and sound show in the evening.
2. City Palace
The City Palace was built at the same time when Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh built Jaipur in 1727. It was a place for religious and cultural events and also a patron of arts, commerce, and industry.
It is located at the heart of Jaipur and was set up around the royal hunting lodge, encircled by the rocky hills.
There is also a museum and handcrafted items shops inside the complex.
‘Hawa’ means Breeze and ‘Mahal’ means Palace. So HawaMahal means Place of Breeze in the English language. Maharaja Pratap Singh, the grandson of Maharaj Jai Singh, built this Palace in 1799.
The palace is made of red and pink sandstone and its unique design is akin to honeycomb belief with 953 windows. Having so many windows is the reason behind its name Hawa Mahal. The windows are decorated with intricate latticework and produced a venturi effect by passing cool air and making the atmosphere pleasant in summers.
4. Jaigarh fort
This fort was built by Maharaja Ji Singh in 1726 to protect the Amer Fort and was named after him.
The fort is 3 kilometers long and also features a ‘cannon’ known as ‘jaivana’ which was then the largest cannon on wheels in the world and was manufactured in the fort precincts.
5. Nahargarh Fort
Built-in 1734 by Maharaj Jai Singh, the fort was a part of the strong defense circle of the city. It was built as a place of retreat. ‘Nahargarh’ means the abode of tigers’.
There is also a popular belief that this fort was haunted by the spirit of ‘Nahar Singh Bhomia’ and resulted in obstruction in the construction of the fort. His spirit was pacified by building a temple in his memory inside the fort and naming the fort after his name.
6. Jal Mahal
The Water Palace (Jal Mahal) is a grand example of Rajput style architecture in India. It was renovated and enlarged by Maharaja Jai Singh in the 18th century. This Place is located at the center of Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur City.
The building has a breathtaking view of the lake, but given its seclusion from the land, it also provides an equally mesmerizing view of itself in the middle of the lake from Man Sagar Dam on the easter side. The hills surrounding the lake area are part of the Aravalli hills.
7. Jantar Mantar observatory
Apart from the Jaipur palaces, the city also offers a very unique monument to visit which is known as Jantar Mantar.
Jantar Mantar, built by Maharaj Jai Singh in 1734, is a collection of 19 architectural astronomical instruments. These architectures are used for astronomical positions with a naked eye. It features the world’s largest stone Sun Dial and is a UNESCO world heritage site.
The monument is an example of Ptolemaic positional astronomy which was shared by many civilizations.
This site contains a series of ancient temples and has been a Hindu pilgrimage site since the early 15th century. There is a natural spring that emerges high from the mountains and flows downwards filling a series of ‘kunds’ (water tanks) used by pilgrimages to take a holy bath.
9. Birla Temple
After having a tour of all the world-famous Jaipur palaces, it’s time to visit the Birla Temple. Also known as ‘Laxmi Narayan Temple’, the grand Birla temple is a Hindu temple located at the Moti Dungari Hill in Jaipur.
10. Old City or Pink City Bazaar
The old city market (Bazaar) is a feat for shopping enthusiasts and photographers. This bazaar is divided into 4 main sections: Johari Bazaar, Bapu Bazaar, Nehru Bazaar, and Kishanpole Bazaar.
Each bazaar has different things to offer. Johari Bazaar is for precious stones and gems, Bapu Bazaar is for textile items, Nehru Bazaar is for Jootis (traditional hand made shoes), Kishanpole bazaar is for wooden sculptures.
I hope you like the information about Jaipur Palaces and the major things you should cover in Jaipur.
Please leave a reply and let me know what do you think about the above list.
Other important links:
- If you wish to visit Rajasthan in India, here are some exciting travel deals: Rajasthan Tours
- For any queries, click here to contact us.
- Must read: Everything you need to know before you travel to India